BRAIN TUMORS- 3 CLINICAL REPORTS

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DR SVETOSLAV PENCHEV

United Veterinary Clinic

Varna, Bulgaria

CLINICAL CASE 1

Old Dogs with sudden onset of seizures

 

The 1st clinical case is about 13 years old, castrated Belgian shepherd with acute onset of cluster seizures. Before 5 years the dog was operated ( total mastectomy and ovariohysterectomy) , because of mammary gland tumor.  Another vet made the blood analysis and there is no change in laboratory results. Contrast MRI study  was performed.

MRI findings:1 2 3 4

There are two, oval shaped, T1 hypo- and T2 hyperintense,  intraaxial mass lesion with cystic component. One is in right piriform lobe and another one is in the left olfactory bulb/ frontal lobe. The masses nonuniformly enhances following contrast administration, with more intense enhancement peripherally.  Mass effect with mild brain edema surrounding the lesions is present.5 6

 

Thoracic x-ray show :7

Multifocal nodules with soft tissue opacity in lung parenchyma

The reason of seizures are  metastatic brain tumors in  the right piriform lobe and in the left olfactory bulb and there are multifocal metastatic nodules in the lungs. Although the dog was operated ,  the primary mammary gland tumor is the reason of this condition

There is no feedback with the owner about dog`s condition.

 

CLINICAL CASE 2 8

Next case is about a 9 years, female, not castrated Labrador retriever with acute onset of cluster seizures. The dog present  proprioceptive deficit on the right fore and hind limb. There is no history of previous seizures.  By abdominal palpation mammary gland mass was find.

There is no change in the blood analysis.

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MRI findings:

There is   oval shaped T1, T2 mixed intensity mass in the parietal part of left cerebral hemisphere with surrounding brain edema. Mass margins are well defined on T2. Peripherally enhancing following contrast administration is present with mass effect and midline shift to the right

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Thoracic x-ray show multiple oval shaped masses with soft tissue opacity

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In this case we have the same condition. The metastatic lung and brain disease are due the primary mammary gland tumor.

The dog`s owner prefer to euthanized the dog, because the seizures getting longer and stronger.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CLINICAL CASE 3

The last case is about a 9 years, not castrated, female Jack Russell terrier with depressed mental status from a month and acute onset of seizures. The dog reacted with hypersensitivity in right cranial nerves, proprioceptive deficit in left fore and hind limb and proprioceptive ataxia. MRI contrast study was performed. MRI findings:    17 18 19 20

 

 

There is a one, irregularly shaped, T1 hypo and T2- mixed intensity intraaxial mass involving the right midbrain. The mass intensely, but nonuniformly, enhances following contrastadministration. There is a mass effect and surrounding brain edema.

In this case there is no history of neoplastic disease. This midbrain mass has a characteristic of primary tumor and It is the cause of the seizures.   Every dog after 5 years of age, who presented with a new onset of seizures should be suspected for a brain tumor. The most common indication for brain tumor in dogs are seizures, especially seizures that began for the first time in a dog older than five years of age. Other signs suggestive for a brain tumor include abnormal behavior, vision problems, circling motions, uncoordinated movements and  lethargy.

 

Multilobular Osteochondrosarcoma

112 years mix breed dog, F

 

History:  presented for a large firm mass arising from the right side of the calvarium.

 

Findings: A dense, mineralized mass with a stippled appearance arising from the right side of the calvarium, with an approximate diameter of 6cm.

Because of the dense appearance of the mass, it’s hard to appreciate the degree of underlying osteolysis just with an Xray

A CT scan was recommended to evaluate local  invasion.2(1)

 

Diagnostic: the radiological appearance it’s of MLTB (multilobular osteochondrosarcoma)

 

Discussion: MLTB is an uncommon tumour that arises almost exclusively on the flat bones of the skull, mainly on the calvarium, maxilla and mandible and tend to occur in older medium and large breed dogs, although they have been reported in younger and small breed dogs, and have also been reported in cats. It is slow-growing and locally invasive, often recurring after excision. Metastasis may occur

Case 3 – Ruptured urinary bladder with radiopaque calculi free in the peritoneal cavity.

9 years old mix breed dog, F

 

History: not urinating for 24hours, apathy, lethargy

 

Technique: X-ray

 

Findings: Loss of serosal detail especially in the ventral abdomen.

There are multiple radiopaque mineral foreign bodies of varying sizes in the ventral abdomen not included in the digestive tract.

The urinary bladder it’s only partially visible.imaging-1imag-2

 

Conclusion: ruptured urinary bladder with radiopaque calculi free in the peritoneal cavity.

Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia (TVD) in a dog; X-ray follow-ups

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Dr Ranko Georgiev

Ranko Georgiev1, DVM, Central Veterinary Clinic, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Akira is a German shepherd dog, first presented with an ascites and exercise intolerance 4 years ago. A diagnosis of a tricuspid valve dysplasia (TVD) was made after X-rays and echocardiography. Standard therapy for a patient with a TVD and CHF was initiated and kept since. The prognosis given in 2012 was ‘guarded to poor’ concerning the severe generalized cardiomegaly, but four years later the patient is still alive and doing great with a full therapy (attached). The size of the heart is bigger at any of the control X-rays done annually; the size of the right atrium contributing with 75% to the whole heart volume!

 

Akira, FI GSD, 5yoa, 30kg, TVD – therapy (the patient is with an atrial fibrillation as well)

Furosemide                 60mg BID

Spironolacton              25mg SID

Hydrochlorthiazide     25mg SID

Enalapril                      10mg BID

Pimobendan                10mg BID

Digoxin                        0.2mg BID

Cardiovet                    1tabl BID (Taurin, L-Carnitin, Vit. E, Coenzim Q)

 

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CASE 2 – Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism

History:

 

difficulty walking, abnormal conformation Technique: X-ray Findings: There is a generalized reduction in radiopacity of bones (diffuse osteopenia). The cortices of bones are thinned. Coarse trabeculation visible especially in the pelvis. Folding fracture seen in the left scapula. Excessive curvature of the spine. The vertebral body of L4 its shorter and the sacrum has an abnormal curvature, which means folding fractures at this levels. Abnormal alignment of the sternum.

 

Diagnostic:d290472b-3434-44ad-bf45-16d4233d9fb1c0793007-0eca-44cb-b0b5-e4b1a686da67

 

Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism

 

Discussion:

 

Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism is seen in young growing animals, particularly kittens, fed a high-meat diet which is low in calcium and high in phosphorus.